Last year, on December 21st, the United Nations General Assembly passed a resolution recognizing the significant role entrepreneurship can play in reaching sustainable development goals.

The United Nations Foundation works with entrepreneurs dedicated to not only building businesses, but a better world. They are using innovative approaches and creative thinking to help solve challenges in the humanitarian and development space. Below are six cool projects that are helping improve lives around the world:

1. The UN Refugee Agency/Ikea – Refugee Housing Shelter

Ikea, known for its affordable flatpack furniture, has moved into new territory: refugee housing. The Swedish retailer has teamed up with the United Nations’ Refugee Agency (UNHCR) to develop a flatpack shelter that can be quickly assembled on site. The structures come with solar panels and USB ports to provide electricity, as well as a fabric shading sheet that reflects heat during the day and traps warmth at night.

Illustration of the shipping pack and construction of the Refugee Housing Unit (Courtesy IKEA Foundation)

2. Worldreader – Campaign to Eradicate Illiteracy

Worldreader’s mission is to eradicate illiteracy. By delivering the largest culturally relevant library to the world’s poorest people – digitally and inexpensively – Worldreader’s goal is to bring “Books for all” everywhere using e-readers and mobile phones.

3. Aspire – Edible Insects

Research shows that food insecurity is not necessarily an issue of lack of food, but rather lack of access to affordable nutrition.  Aspire develops and distributes affordable and sustainable insect farming technologies for countries with established histories of entomophagy, or insect-consumption.

Mohammed Ashour Examines Chapulin in Oaxaca, Mexico

4. Debit Cards for Syrian Refugees 

The United Nations World Food Programme has started to distribute Mastercard prepaid debit cards, each loaded with $27 to Syrian refugees in Lebanon so they can buy their own food and boost the local economy. In addition to giving refugees some autonomy, this also allows them to buy the foods that fit their needs, including fresh produce, which is not normally included in traditional food rations.

Photo credit: WFP/Dalia Khamissy

5. Google Loon

Project Loon is a research and development project being developed by Google with the mission of providing Internet access using high-altitude balloons placed in the stratosphere. If this pilot is successful, it could connect people in rural and remote areas with the Internet, helping more people have access to information and the global online community.

A test balloon floats over New Zealand. Photo credit: John Shenk/EPA

6. Feeding the hungry – Feedie

All over the world, people take millions of photos of their food and share them online. Feedie transforms your food photos into real food for disadvantaged schoolchildren in South Africa.